Rise And Fall Of The Dodge Magnum

The Dodge Magnum name was originally launched in 1978 as an extension of the Chrysler brand in response to changing rules for the upcoming NASCAR racing season which would prevent the Dodge Charger from competing.

NASCAR legend Richard Petty originally favoured the Magnum in the opening stages of the 1978 season however he found the handling difficult to control and switched to a Chevy after just 7 races. Despite this, the Magnum has found success, helping Kyle Petty (Richard’s son) win his first race and he stuck with them for a further 5 races before abandoning them due to extensive and irreparable damage.

As of 2008 there were only two known NASCAR Magnums in existence, both in good condition and one resides in the Talledega NASCAR museum for fans to view.
From such exciting beginnings the Magnum name was passed from car to car including the original ‘Dart’ sold in Brazil and then as a vehicle in itself sold in Mexico between 1981-88 before being dropped as a name all together in 1989.

Dodge Magnum Revival
The Magnum model name was brought back in 2004 as a station wagon version of the Chrysler 300 with some subtle body changes and built in Ontario, Canada.
In 2005 the SRT-8 – a performance focused model was launched and sold as the 2006 model of the vehicle. With a 6.1 L engine and over 425 break horse power it won the Canadian Car of the Year Contest in 2006 as the ‘Best New Modern Muscle Car’. With a 0-60mph time of just 5.1 seconds and 0-100 mph in 11.7 seconds it’s easy to see why.

Dropped Again
At the tail end of 2007 it was announced by Chrysler that the Magnum, along with four other models would be dropped the following year, stating they were “…not earning their keep”, however Ralph Gilles, head of the SRT division of Chrysler indicated the name and the model may be brought back, claiming the death of the magnum was down to one person:

“It was single-handedly killed by one executive who is no longer with the company. He’s retired. A lot of people in the company still like that vehicle — a lot.”

Outside of the USA, the Dodge Magnum was sold under the name ‘Chrysler 300 Touring’ and was essentially the same with slight design tweaks and the option of a 3.0L CRD Turbo Diesel engine.

As the Dodge Magnum is at present discontinued owners have found buying replacement parts, and especially custom parts such as wheels to be difficult to obtain however there are manufacturers producing high performance parts to match the high performance of the SRT-8.

Custom Wheels For Muscle Car Enthusiasts

In addition to performance, part of the allure of a muscle car is its appearance. And one of the most obvious focal points on any muscle car is its wheels which need to make a visual impact. Huntington Engineered Alloys produces custom muscle car wheels that enhance the performance and style of any contemporary Camaro or Mustang.

The wheel is one of the most important features of a muscle car. It impacts the overall driving performance of the car. And it can add to or detract from the car’s appearance. By concentrating on modern muscle cars, Huntington has quickly become a leader in aftermarket wheel design and manufacturing. In particular their Camaro Wheels and Mustang Wheels are ideal for high-performance driving.

Recognizing that individual muscle cars vary on the wheel widths they can handle, Huntington successfully engineered a wheel fitment that is specific to each type of modern muscle car. Different fitments are available for 18″, 20″ and even 22″ wheel sizes. This guarantees high performance of the wheels and allows for staggered fitment which is popular with muscle car enthusiasts.

Huntington offers custom Springdale wheels and Bolsa wheels for both the Camaro and Mustang. You can get 18″, 20″ and 22″ Camaro wheels while Mustang wheels are available in 18″ and 20″ only. The same finishes are available for both types of muscle car wheels: gloss black, chrome, and silver. Each finish provides a complementary accent to your Camaro or Mustang. You can choose the finish based on the specific impact you want to make.

Muscle car enthusiasts want wheels that match the power of their car engines. Unlike other aftermarket wheels, Huntington wheels have been designed to accept original and aftermarket center caps. The design also allows for the clearance of brakes which tend to be larger in several modern muscle cars including the Camaro SS and Mustang GT500. If you prefer, you can use the original factory lug nuts with any Huntington wheel which have been drilled to accept original hardware.

The Camaro and Mustang are iconic muscle cars that define style and performance at the highest level. Huntington wheels can improve handling of your muscle car by allowing larger wheels to be easily mounted. With larger wheels you can run on a wider and lower profile tire. And there is no need to modify your fenders to use these Camaro wheels or Mustang wheels.

Anytime you modify a muscle car, you want the process to be as smooth and hassle-free as possible. With Huntington wheels, you get a seamless transition from factory car to high-performance dream. Because the wheels are custom made for specific cars, there is no need to do additional “customization” in terms of adjustments. All of the work has already been done for you. You just need to decide which wheel you want and have them mounted.

Huntington Engineered Alloys has the best custom wheel solutions for owners of modern Camaros and Mustangs. You can quickly get the muscle car of your dreams!

10 Extraordinary Cars That Will Make You Look Cool

There is something extraordinary in powerful cars that make you look really cool. These amazing sports cars will increase your coolness quotient. Generally, the cars which are not seen normally fall under this category. A cool car is the one in which you would like to drive with your new crush. This type of car makes you the center of attention and it’s a kind of car that is capable of stealing your thunder. It is pure magnificence in an effortless manner. In this article, we are going to discuss some of the coolest cars which will make you look cool and stylish.

Ferrari FF

Ferrari is one of the most attractive and magnificent vehicle available in the market. Just imagine driving this super car along icy road and feel the fresh air on your face. The car is operated with a computer system and it can adjust torque and break pressure according to the driving atmosphere. This car is preferred over ice and it is perfect for cool weather. Some specifications of the car are given below:

• 651 Horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 3.5 seconds

• 6262 cc V12 Engine at 8000 rpm

Jaguar XKRS

This car is best during action and it is all about the performance of this car. Jaguar XKRS was never designed for great looks but performance. The car has perfect geometry and aerodynamics for high performance. It is a beast powered by AJ V-8 Power plant fitted inside along with twin-vortex Roots Supercharger to boost its performance further. The car is available in two colors: French Racing Blue and Italian Racing Red. Some important features of car are listed below:

• 550 Horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 4.2 seconds

• Top speed of 186 mph

Aston Martin One-77

Aston Martin is the coolest car company in UK and these cars are always featured in James Bond movies. Aston Martin One-77 is the coolest car that is ever developed by the company. The car has everything cool about itself including its power, strength, and performance. This mighty beast can pump up to 750 horsepower which more than most of the cars available in the market. It is the feeling of driving a super cool car with the power of a giant bull. Some interesting facts about this car:

• 750 Horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 3.5 seconds

• Top speed of 200+ mph

Spyker C12 Zagato

This car was designed in F1 style and its highly ornate body makes it look like a super car. Spyker C12 Zagato is a perfect blend of power and style. Its powerful engine can produce up to 500 bhp and you can further take it up to 650 bhp with superchargers. This car is designed for a perfect look and performance in every aspect. You would love to take your spouse on date in this car. Some cool features of the car are:

• 500 to 650 horsepower

• W12 Engine with 5-speed automated gear box

• 0-60 mph in 3.8 seconds

Audi R8

Audi has been manufacturing outstanding cars for past few decades. All the cars from Audi have a unique elegance and coolness quotient in them. Audi R8 has a stealthy design and you can see people clicking picture of your car. The car is powered by its 4.2 liter V8 Petrol Engine and it can generate up to 525 horsepower. Some important features of the car are given below:

• 525 horsepower

• 4.2 liter V8 Engine with dry sump lubrication

• 0-60 mph in 4.8 seconds

Pagani Huayra

This car is yet to be released in market for sale but it has already made thousands of fans. Pagani Huayra uses twin-turbo Mercedes V12 Engine with the capacity of 6.0 liter. It has gigantic strength and can produce up to 700 bhp. The car is designed with active aerodynamics and it can go up to 230mph. This is a real power house and it is too much power to be handled behind the wheels. Some important features of this super car are:

• 700 horsepower

• V-12 twin-turbo Mercedes AMG Engine

• 0-60 mph in 3.3 seconds

Chevrolet Corvette

Chevrolet Corvette is the classic American supercar and falls under affordable car range. According to most of the experts, this car offers more power and style for its price. This car has been ruling the American roads since 1953 when first generation Corvette was launched in the market. The sixth generation cars are powered with 6.2 liter LS9 engine with the capacity of producing up to 638 bhp making it a real muscle beast. Some important features of the car are:

• 638 horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 4 seconds

• Top speed of 205 mph

Dodge Viper

Dodge Viper is the classic American muscle car and it was used as the synonym for cool. It is known as SRT Viper and it was among one of the first V10 powered cars in the world. The car is now in its fifth generation with some outstanding figures on its name. It is a true piece of magnificent craftsmanship, design, elegance, and power. It is powered by 8.4 liter V10 engine and it can produce up to 640 bhp. Some interesting facts about the car are given below:

• 640 horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 3.4 seconds

• Top speed of 202 mph

Lamborghini Murcielago

This car is the dream of every young men and it has record number of posters all over the world. Anyone driving this car has a class of his own and with the power of this mighty beast; there is nothing more one would dream of. This car is manufactured in motorsport version too and it is undoubtedly the coolest car in its category.

• 661 horsepower

• 0-60 mph 3.0 seconds

• Top speed of 212 mph

Ford Mustang

Ford Mustang is the most affordable and loved American cool car. It is fun, fast, stylish, and enjoyable muscle car. This car can produce up to 300 hp and it is one of the most enjoyed spuer car in this world.

• 412 horsepower

• 0-60 mph in 4 seconds

Women Entrepreneurship and Changing role of Women

Women Entrepreneurship and Changing role of Women



India is definitely the hub of entrepreneurs worldwide. Women owned businesses are highly increasing in the economies of almost all countries. The hidden entrepreneurial potentials of women have gradually been changing with the growing sensitivity to the role and economic status in the society. Skill, knowledge and adaptability in business are the main reasons for women to emerge into business ventures.

Women” as Entrepreneurs in India:

Women Entrepreneur’ is a person who accepts challenging role to meet her personal needs and become economically independent. A strong desire to do something positive is an inbuilt quality of entrepreneurial women, who is capable contributing values in both family and social life.

The challenges and opportunities provided to the women of digital era are growing rapidly that the job seekers are turning into job creators.

In India, although women constitute the majority of the total population, the entrepreneurial world is still a male dominated one. Women in advanced nations are recognized and are more prominent in the business world. But the Indian women entrepreneurs are facing some major constraints like –

*Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Commerce, Periyar University Salem 11.

To a certain extent, this situation is changing among Indian women and yet to face a tremendous change to increase the rate of growth in entrepreneurship
Socio-cultural barriers- women’s family and personal obligations are sometimes a great barrier for succeeding in business career. Only few women are able to manage both home and business efficiently, devoting enough time to perform all their responsibilities in priority.
They are not fully aware of the changing market conditions and hence can effectively utilize the services of media and internet.
Other factors are family support, Government policies, financial assistance from public and private institutions and also the environment suitable for women to establish business units.
This can facilitate women to excel in decision making process and develop a good business network.
So the sincere efforts taken towards women entrepreneurs may not reach the entrepreneurs in rural and backward areas.
Such programs are really useful to new, rural and young entrepreneurs who want to set up a small and medium scale unit on their own.
In spite of the mushrooming growth of associations, institutions, and the schemes from the government side, women are not enterprising and dynamic to optimize the resources in the form of reserves, assets mankind or business volunteers.

Highly educated, technically sound and professionally qualified women should be encouraged for managing their own business, rather than dependent on wage employment outlets. The additional business opportunities that are recently approaching for women entrepreneurs are:

Eco-friendly technology
IT enabled enterprises
Event management
Tourism industry
Plastic materials
Mineral water
Herbal & health care
Food, fruits & vegetable processing

Technological Innovation:

Innovation is often explained in technical terms-tangible products or processes that result from technological development-there has been a preoccupation with rational, analytical innovation models. However, a number of industrial studies have shown that for a technological innovation to succeed three important people involved and seven important conditions to satisfy. The combination of these people and conditions satisfies the need for creativity and implementation. The three key people are:

Creative source: The inventor or originator of the idea that led to the knowledge or vision of something new, the artist of creative endeavor.

The champion: The entrepreneur or manager who pursues the idea, planning, its implication, acquiring resources, and establishing its markets through persistence, planning, organizing, and leadership.

Sponsor: The person or organization that makes possible the champion’s activities and the inventor’s dreams through support. Major countries in Asia are following this technique to acquire the higher position in the world economy. India, in this sense, is struggling hard.

Women are the important part of development. No doubt they are taking active participation in the business and industry and doing dual jobs to meet their expenditures. Women of every level and society (high or low=income countries) hop to work. So, the rate of women entrepreneurship is high than men.

Rise of Women Entrepreneurs

Economic necessity. Some women are working full-time and still can’t make ends meet. With the current strain on the economy having extra money coming in is not an option, its necessity. Some women are laid-off so being self-employed becomes the best alternative

Solving problems and sharing solutions.

For some women it’s not about the money it’s about solving a problem or sharing a solution. Inventors usually design new products to solve problems.

Hitting the corporate glass ceiling

Some corporate women feel like they’ve taken their career as far as it will go. They’re taken their career as far as it will go. They’re dissatisfied by their options and want a career that will be more fulfilling. Entrepreneurship is often the answer for these driven women who enjoy being their own boss

Freedom and flexibility

These are the two big reasons for moms, especially moms with young children, to start their won business. They can work from home, choose their own hours and have the flexibility to juggle their work life with their family life.

Women need to have clarity about what drives them and what they want to accomplish with their business. Thankfully with their business. Thankfully with the rise of women entrepreneurs we can learn from those who have beaten the path before us.

Before you take the Entrepreneurial Leap

Before jumping into entrepreneurship I recommend women take the following steps:

Take time to envision all the details of not only your business, but your entire life as an entrepreneur.
Be responsible. Don’t let go of your day job too quickly. If money’s tight, carve out specific time to work on your project but keep the cash flow coming in through other sources.
It’s not just your venture, it’s your families. Make sure they buy into what you’re doing and that they’re committed to being supportive.
Recognize that being an entrepreneur is not just about what you’re being. You will need to be committed to your personal growth as a way to keep your business from stagnating.
Finally, remember that your success depends on association with other entrepreneurial women with great ideas, and a broader, more creative perspective.


Henceforth, promoting entrepreneurship among women is certainly a short-cut to rapid economic growth and development. Let us try to eliminate all forms of gender discrimination and thus allow ‘women’ to be an entrepreneur at par with men.

I encourage you to take the time to think about what inspires you. Do you wake up each morning eager to get started? If not, it might be time to reanalyze your career choices. If you feel stuck, tap into a broader community of women that are smart, savvy and successful. These women can help you breakthrough to the next level in your business so you too can be a part of the rise of women entrepreneurs.

For hundred, even thousands of year, women have been successful entrepreneurs. Our unique mindset, viewpoints, attitudes and skills as women have all contributed to our successes in business.

Personal training business can be a great career if you love a healthy lifestyle

Personal trainers start a personal training business because they are passionate about fitness, want to help people, and also enjoy the freedom of working for themselves. These are all great reasons for starting a personal training business. Fitness trainers are mainly individuals who enjoy teaching fitness, owning their own business, and scheduling appointments whenever it is convenient to them.

If you are a fitness minded individual who enjoys health, fitness, and exercise, and wants to make an excellent income with the freedom of working for yourself, then follow the personal training business tips I reveal below. I have already reached a high level of success in the personal fitness training business, and so can you.

The fact is the fitness business is booming! As a result of the aging baby boomers, and the will of the aging population to live a great quality of life, there are more and more opportunities for personal fitness personal training victoria to make an excellent income. The baby boomers quality of life quest, and the obesity factor will surely drive a huge amount of personal training clients your way. Therefore, the potential of running your own personal training business is financially limitless. However, the time to seize this fitness weight training for women business opportunity is right now.

A personal training business can be a great career if you love a healthy lifestyle, can be flexible and are a people person. The best personal trainers are certified and have gone through a training course or several training courses. You do need to love fitness to be personal trainers as the most successful trainers do not do personal weight training for women as a job but consider it a lifestyle. Many times personal training victoria begin a personal training career because they want to help others and do not feel their current job is fulfilling.

As with any business you will need to do some marketing. You in essence are selling your services and need to convey why your personal training is unique or different form others your competitors. The majority of your services will be marketing in a small area though you can use the Internet to bring your personal training to many other potential clients through online consulting.

Personal training has become much more popular then simply going to the gym because it includes information on how to change your life to maintain your health once you have achieved your goal. This includes your diet, exercise and even your mental health. Gym memberships have actually been decreasing as personal training has become more popular.

Personal training actually has a fairly low overhead, as most personal trainers do not need to buy all of their own equipment. Most a personal trainers will have a set of free weights and a blood pressure machine, otherwise they will use the equipment at their client’s home or provided at a gym. Equipment can be quite pricey and not very portable so unless you have your own gym where you train buying equipment is not advised.



Women constitute almost 50% of the world’s population. As per as their social status is concerned, they are not treated as equal to men in all the places. Empowering may be understood as enabling people, especially women to acquire and possess power resources, in order to make decision on their own or resist decisions that are made by others that affect them. A person may said to be powerful when he/she has control over a large portion of power resources in society. The extent of possession of various resources such as personal wealth, such as land skills, education, information, knowledge, social status, position held, leadership trains, capabilities of mobilization.

It is now widely believed that empowerment of women i.e., providing equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities to women, will go a long way in removing the existing gender discrimination. Women empowerment in contemporary Indian society in forms of their work, education, health and media images in the forms of

their work, education, health and media images in the context of lineage, rule of residence and household chores, their context of lineage, rule of residence and household chores, their participation in social and political activities, their legal status in terms of marriage, divorce and inheritance of property, seeking wealth care should be taken into consideration. Empowerment in terms of knowledge and awareness of ones own life and society including legal raise their status with regarded to the lives. While empowerment deals with her or his expectation arising out of the situation. Similarly, a role deals with duties and obligations wile empowerment deals with rights. For instance, it is commonly assumed that the most is a woman, a wife a cook, a teacher of her children and daughter-in-law and so on.


Women constitute almost 50% of the world’s population. As per as their social status is concerned, they are not treated as equal to men in all the places, through in the western countries women are treated on par with men in most of the fields, their counterpart in the east suffers from many disabilities. The disabilities on the one hand and the inequalities between men and women on the other, have given rise to what is known “Gender problem”. All one the world and particularly in South and East Asia and Africa the gender problem has assumed importance during the recent years the gender issue has become virtually a crucial point of argument. It is now widely believed that empowerment of women i.e., providing equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities to women, will go a long way in removing the existing gender discrimination. Women empowerment in contemporary Indian society in forms of their work, education, health and media images in the forms of their work, education, health and media images in the context of lineage, rule of residence and household chores, their context of lineage, rule of residence and household chores, their participation in social and political activities, their legal status in terms of marriage, divorce and inheritance of property, seeking wealth care should be taken into consideration. Empowerment in terms of knowledge and awareness of ones own life and society including legal raise their status with regarded to the lives.


Before thinking about the empowerment of women, one needs to understand the exact meaning of the word empowerment. According to Cambridge English Dictionary empowerment means “to authorize”. In the context of the people they have to be authorized to have control over their lives. When applied in the context of development the particular segment of population, the poor, the women, the vulnerable, the weak, the oppressed and the discriminated have to be “empowered” to have control over their lives to better their socioeconomic and political conditions,. But the questions raised are, who empowers them and how to empower them? Ideally speaking no one empowers any one, the best way us ‘self empowerment’, by the segments of population mentioned above are handicapped both structurally and culturally to empower themselves without any outside help and affirmative action by the State and others. But still as long as these segments of population does not make any effort at self employment. It would be long and arduous task and process for the outsiders to empower them.

Role of women in development process

The principal of gender equality was recognized in the United Nations Charter in 1945 and the UN Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the majority of development planners did not fully address the role of women in development process. In 1975, the first UN Conference of Women and Development was held

at maxico city under the motto, “Equality, Development and peace”. The need to integrate women into development was internationally proclaimed in the 1995 Bejing Conference. The Economic Survey (1999-2000) used an entire section on

gender inequality. It began with a reminder of the commitment made in the ninth plan document of allocating 30 per cent of resources for women’s development schemes through “Women’s Component Plans”. According to Menon and Probhu (2001), there was a strong plea for investing in women’s equality on the ground that this made economic sense and spoke of “the social rate of return on investment in women” being greater that the corresponding rate for men. According to Paten (2002), women’s development can be attained by improving here status and bargaining power in the economy.

Sushma Sachay (1998) argues that approaches and strategic for women

empowerment could be possible by outlining the mechanisms and tools that till

influence for women empowerment. Decisions making process, multidimensional

process that are enable worn to realize their full identity and powers in all walks

of life.

Concept of Women Empowerment

Empowering may be understood as enabling people, especially women to acquire and possess power resources, in order to make decision on their own or resist decisions that are made by others that affect them. A person may said to be powerful when he/she has control over a large portion of power resources in society. The extent of possession of various resources such as personal wealth, such as land skills, education, information, knowledge, social status, position held, leadership trains, capabilities of mobilization.

The National Policy on Education (1986) suggested certain strategies to empower women. Accordingly, women become empowered through collective reflections and decision making enable them to become agency of social change.

The global conference on Women Empowerment (1988), highlighted empowerment as the best way of making own partners in development the development of women and children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) program was initiated as a sub scheme of the national wide poverty alleviation program i.e., the Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP). It aims at imparting self reliance to rural areas through income generating skill s along with group organization skills. Keeping this in view the year 2001 was celebrated as “The Women’s Empowerment Year”. Human resource development and empowerment of women unlock the door for modernization of society,. Instated of remaining as passive beneficiaries, women must become active partner. Participation and control over resources of power are considered as the critical indicators in the process of development discharged women especially in rural areas, possess the least proportion of these resources and as a result they are powerless and dependent on the powerful and wealthy.

Role and Empowerment

We will now realize the vital importance of the terms such as role, empowerment and function for an understanding of society. These terms tell us how individual and groups organize themselves as well as relate to each other. Very simple, role tells us about what is expected from individuals in a particular situation. While empowerment deals with her or his expectation arising out of the situation. Similarly, a role deals with duties and obligations wile empowerment deals with rights. For instance, it is commonly assumed that the most is a women, a wife a cook, a teacher of her children and daughter-in-law and so on. What happens when the mother is also the principal of the local village school? Not only does she have to deal with a range of roles and empowerments, but also with he tensions that may raise out of her ole s mother and her role as an administrator.

“Woman reposes more closely on the central surface of life, while man hunts it in the boundaries of existence, always concerned to overcome, and in the last analysis, to kill. A woman has a secret alliance with eternal life and man with the principle of death. Woman wants to embrace the contradiction of life and to reconcile them in the act of degree so. Man on the other hand release the tension between opposites by annihilating one of the sides, the one he finds unpleasant. He seeks the solution not in love and reconciliation, but in over coming and annihilation. He has a militant and not an erotic manner. The male principle borne of isolation, makes solitude thermal, seeks being in itself and disturbs life as a wholes his being is battle and self service, his willto- life is concerned with ascertaining his own person or overthrowing that of the stranger until the motive of salvation kindles with in him. Woman with her sustaining constitutions is at one and is harmony with the basis of the world. But man wants to change the world to bring it forward to overcome it”.

Women’s Empowerment in Contemporary India

Contemporary Indian society has been exposed to the broad processes of social transformation, agricultural modernization and economic development, urbanization and globalization. However, these processes have generated regional imbalances, sharpened class inequalities and augmented the gender disparities. Hence, women have become critical symbols of these growing imbalances. All these have affected adversely the various aspects of women’s empowerment in the contemporary Indian society. The family and women’s work is not enough to say that any society consists of men and women. It is equally important to look at how the two groups of people interact, as well as at the role and exceptions each group has of the other. Such roles and exceptions are a product of the stereotypes of each gender. By gender stereotype we mean attributes and qualities commonly associated with a gender. Thus, the first idea on gender role differences, which a child acquires, is that of women of one’s family marrying and leaving their homes to leave with different groups of people. Secondly, men appear to exercise far greater influence in decision making and are far more visible and audible than their wives. Third most of the tasks within the home are done by the mother, grandmother, sisters and so on. At meal times they carry food to the fields for the men. All these tasks, which consume time and energy, are not counted as work and there is no payment involved. In western countries, women’s groups, politicians and other concerned individuals have been arguing for payment for house work and childcare. In India, the question of payment for household jobs has not really been an important issue or demand. As we shall see, there are many other issues, which require urgent attention. At the same time, it is important for us to remember that non-payment should not also mean non-recognition. The fact that women are expected to perform all these tasks as a part of their conventional roles and on special merit is awarded to them for these tiring and tiresome jobs.

Women’s work participation

As per to 1981 figures 19.7 per cent Indian women were recorded as paid workers. Of whom over 87 per cent were in the unrecognized or informal sector of the economy. The work participation rate woman in 1991and 2001 was 22.3 and 25.7 per cent respectively. The increase in the work participation of women during the decade 1991-2001 is mainly due to the increase in the proportion of marginal workers (6.3 per cent to 11 per cent) in total female work force. It is held

by many observation of Indian economy that without women’s paid or unpaid labour the Indian agricultural economy would not be able to function. In the informal sector, there is no legal redressal for problems; no maternity or other leave benefits and little security of service. Working long hours as domestic servants, stitching clothes for the garment export industry, working on the assembly line of small electronics manufacturing units or the beedi, tobacco, cashew nut factories. A woman lives in fear of retrenchment, exploitation and low


Women’s Self-perception

According to Maithreyi Krishna Raj that though women were concerned about continuing their jobs, they were not looking for better prospects nor have they begun with a long-range carrier strategy. Once in a job, women rarely attempted to acquire further qualifications was by no means clear-cut. T.S. Papola’s study of workingwomen, which covered a range from those in supervisory post in industrial establishments to unskilled workers, showed that women were more different than men in respect of their promotion prospects.

Employer’s Attitude

Papol’s study showed that women were discriminated against at the time of promotions tended to be crowded into lower status electrical and primary school jobs. They were rarely promoted to executive and supervisory posts. As regards employment and promotion to supervisory category, male employers defend themselves by pointing out that women did not come forth to be recruited or promoted.

Traditional Positions of Authority in Urban Areas

In the urban areas, the working class, and men in particular have a wide range of job options available to them. The study by Leela Kasturi shows that when unemployed weavers from Tamil Nadu migrant to Delhi, the women folk found jobs only as domestic servants. While men become mechanics, cooks or drivers. The shift in residence meant a severance with an established way of life and the support of the extended family.

Working Conditions

For the majority of working class women, a job is essential. In relation to the limited chances for occupational mobility, when men and women work in the same occupation, female tasks are often the more arduous and time consuming. For instance, in paddy cultivation they spend long hours in sowing, weeding transplanting. In Kerala the extraction of the cashew seed from a corrosive liquid is women’s work. Again when both sexes do identical jobs, women often get paid

less than man. Protests are rare, apart from ignorance of legal and other rights; there is a fear of exploitation and sexual harassment by the landlord or contractor.

Traditional Role Expectations

Irrespective of social class there is at the level of belief, widespread commitment to the nation that a women’s job just not interfere or compete with her primary role of wife and mother. There is also concern with her physical safety and the respectability of the occupation. Clearly, working class familiar are far less able to ensure circumstances. NGO’s SHGs have been working to promote women more viable towards social, political, economic and cultural development micro finance is a significant factor and accessible to small and micro enterprises, socio-economic progress of poor women. Education and training also plays a major role in changing the life of poor women. The several institutions have been extending all types of vocational training, income generating activities and self-employment activities for poor women.

Empowerment of women is mainly related to their participation in decision making with regard to raising and distribution of resources i.e., income, investments and expenditures at all levels. Even though the Government of Karnataka has formulated and implemented various schemes of the social economic and overall development of the rural women, when the present position

of women is taken into account these schemes do not appear effective in enhancing the confidence and capability of the women. Empowering the poor women in rural areas to sustain their surrounding ecology is a necessity not only to stoop the ecological degradation but also for the physical survival of poor people. Almost every village in India has what is called “Common Property Resources (CDPs). Common Property Resources can be defined as “those resources, which are exploited by all people in the village free of cost by expending their labour.

Women in business : Tough, Innovative and Commercial

Every day, hundreds of women go out and start their own businesses – at twice the rate of men. And these businesses are growing revenue, profits and jobs faster than business as a whole. Women now own around 50% of private businesses, demonstrating just how tough, innovative and commercial women can be. As I talk to female business owners, I hear three consistent themes:

1) It was hard to be taken seriously in the corporate world;

2) I wanted more control over my life; and

3) I want to make a contribution to society.

Women invariably work very hard, they just don’t necessarily want to work a rigid schedule. Many successful female business owners sustain double and triple-digit growth. Also, many of them also have families. What they have worked out is that it doesn’t really matter which 80 hours you work. And while they may work weird hours, they are highly productive. We now have all the technology we need to free people to work more flexibly.

In the business world we find many people whose true potential has not been allowed to bloom, perhaps because of age, experience, circumstance, education or even gender. But one thing is becoming more evident – women are taking a greater leadership role in business, and even in our societies. There are massive gains to be made by adopting a more rounded, holistic and balanced way of doing things. Women and their inherent creativity are uniquely positioned to do this.

Closely aligned to this is my observation that successful women in business are generally more enlightened, more in touch with their soul, spirit and emotions and are able to converse openly about them. As Emotional Intelligence is seen increasingly to be critical in a leadership role, women have a natural advantage.


I find that most business owners love what they do. They provide amazing services. But they don’t necessarily fully understand how to run their business and they think something must be wrong with them personally. Nothing’s wrong with them! It’s just that no one has ever taught them what to do! Women business almost always owners find it easier than men to ask for help and to seek out appropriate learning.

The old model of business is “work hard and get people to buy your stuff.” The new model is Authenticity, Service and Wealth. This new model is typically easier for women. And when you learn to create your business in the new model, people thank you for being successful. They thank you for who you are and what you’ve created. (You get to thank them too!)

CheapResellerHost- Is Here To Boost Women Empowerment

If you are a woman and would like to do something for you and your family benefits, you make sure to go with the online business. Yes, you have heard correctly the online business, which every woman and man can easily join up the same and by sitting at home can easily earn great benefits or business. Being a housewife, if you are still looking for doing business or work by not moving out of the house, this is a high time now, which you must need to determine and get ready for it.

Yes, it is the best idea, where you can become a self-depended woman who can do anything without compromising her work. Yes, so here we will talk about how a woman can start up her work from home easily and professionally. If you have guts and enough time to start up your own business, first of all, you must look up what kind of business you would love to do. You should select the best business on which you are pro and can easily handle without taking the help of others. These days, writing good amount and quality of contents is the hot topic of these days and a lot of people of all over the world are working in the same field. If you think that you are a good writer, you should definitely try out this and check how easily you can earn good amount of money.

You can directly approach to the various companies who are looking for the candidates on the same domain or it will be better if you open up your own website and fill up the same with so alluring and impressive contents. Yes, for amazing and great impact on the world, what you can do is- just have your own website and publish great sample articles, about yours, your pricing, your work timings, and other information on your site. It is very simple, but all you just need to look forward to have the best service provider for better help and support. For opening a website, make sure, you should have the best domain name, which you can take any as well as don’t forget to have the best quality $1 Hosting services. CheapResellerHost is the name of the source, which is very popular in providing top-notch quality hosting services, which will guarantee you in providing the best services, without any fail.

It is very simple to hire up the best package from here, and once you have taken out the same, you will be assured that nothing can harm you up. Yes, by having the best and reliable Unlimited Reseller Hosting services, you can easily focus on your business. Using up the same hosting service is all about displaying your website on the web, hence it is very necessary to have. Having quality services mean, you don’t need to worry about anything and enjoy the same service forever. For, great hosting services for your online business, one must directly visit to the trustable source- http://cheapresellerhost.com